Revista de la
Unión Matemática Argentina
Reflexivity of rings via nilpotent elements
Abdullah Harmanci, Handan Kose, Yosum Kurtulmaz, and Burcu Ungor
Volume 61, no. 2 (2020), pp. 277–290

Download PDF


An ideal $I$ of a ring $R$ is called left N-reflexive if for any $a\in \operatorname{nil}(R)$ and $b\in R$, $aRb \subseteq I$ implies $bRa \subseteq I$, where $\operatorname{nil}(R)$ is the set of all nilpotent elements of $R$. The ring $R$ is called left N-reflexive if the zero ideal is left N-reflexive. We study the properties of left N-reflexive rings and related concepts. Since reflexive rings and reduced rings are left N-reflexive rings, we investigate the sufficient conditions for left N-reflexive rings to be reflexive and reduced. We first consider basic extensions of left N-reflexive rings. For an ideal-symmetric ideal $I$ of a ring $R$, $R/I$ is left N-reflexive. If an ideal $I$ of a ring $R$ is reduced as a ring without identity and $R/I$ is left N-reflexive, then $R$ is left N-reflexive. If $R$ is a quasi-Armendariz ring and the coefficients of any nilpotent polynomial in $R[x]$ are nilpotent in $R$, it is proved that $R$ is left N-reflexive if and only if $R[x]$ is left N-reflexive. We show that the concept of left N-reflexivity is weaker than that of reflexivity and stronger than that of right idempotent reflexivity.